Sociology

Author:
Macionis

Publisher:
Pearson

Edition:
17th

ISBN:
9780134674759

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1.1-1.4 - 1 Video(s)

What Is Sociology?: Crash Course Sociology #1


This introductory video talks about what society is and what it does. It goes on to explain the importance of the study of sociology, and introduces and the sociological perspective and discusses how sociology differentiates itself from other social sciences. Moreover, it explores what sociology can do, and how a concern with social problems was at the center of sociology's beginnings.

1.5-1.6 - 1 Video(s)

Major Sociological Paradigms: Crash Course Sociology #2


This video introduces sociology’s three major theoretical paradigms; structural functionalism, conflict theory and symbolic interactionism and draws comparsions. It also talks about some of the advantages and disadvantages of each paradigm. Furthermore, it also discusses social function and dysfunction.

1.5 - 2 Video(s)

Dubois & Race Conflict: Crash Course Sociology #7


This video explores conflict theories with W.E.B. Dubois, the founder of race-conflict theory. It discusses shifting ideas about race, Dubois’ idea of ‘double-consciousness’, and the modern day field of racial identity. Furthermore, it explores the idea racial formation and discusses how economic, political, and social structures affect how we perceive different races – and vice versa. Also, it explains how modern day sociologists study racial politics and racial resistance.

Harriet Martineau & Gender Conflict Theory: Crash Course Sociology #8


In this video, another branch of conflict theory is being discussed: gender conflict theory; with a look at sociology’s forgotten founder, Harriet Martineau. Also, it discusses the three waves of feminism, patriarchy, as well as intersectionality- the analysis of how race, class and gender interact to create systems of disadvantage that are interdependent.

2.1-2.3 - 1 Video(s)

Sociology & the Scientific Method: Crash Course Sociology #3


In this video, sociology is described as a science. It explores positivist sociology and explains how sociologists use empirical evidence to explore questions about the social world. Moreover, it talks about descriptive and qualitative data, and also introduces two alternatives to positivist sociology- interpretative sociology and critical sociology.

2.4 - 1 Video(s)

Sociology Research Methods: Crash Course Sociology #4


This video explains how to do sociology. It discusses the research method: form a question and a hypothesis, collect data, and analyze that data to contribute to our theories about society. Moreover, it also talks about the ethics of research and explains the importance of informed consent while conducting research.

3.1-3.2 - 1 Video(s)

Symbols, Values & Norms: Crash Course Sociology #10


This video explains the difference between material and non-material culture. It discusses three things that make up culture: symbols, values and beliefs, and norms. Also, it explores Sapir-Whorf hypothesis (and some of its problems) and how language influences culture. Finally, it talks about the three types of norms – folkways, mores, and taboos – which govern our daily life.

3.3-3.5 - 1 Video(s)

Cultures, Subcultures, and Countercultures: Crash Course Sociology #11


In this video, different categories of culture, like low culture, high culture, and sub-cultures are being discussed. It talks about ethno-centrism and multiculturalism, and counter cultures. It also revisits our founding theories to consider both a structural functionalist and a conflict theory perspective on what cultures mean for society.

4.4 - 1 Video(s)

Émile Durkheim on Suicide & Society: Crash Course Sociology #5


In this video, the concept of social facts and how Durkheim framed sociology as a science are being discussed. It introduces the idea of common consciousness and how Durkheim believed it binds society together. Furthermore, it also talks about Durkheim’s studies on suicide and how he applied his concepts to a specific social problem.

4.2 - 1 Video(s)

Karl Marx & Conflict Theory: Crash Course Sociology #6


This video explores sociology’s founding theorists with a look at Karl Marx and his idea of historical materialism. It discusses modes of production, their development, and how they fit into Marx’s overall theory of historical development, along with class struggle and revolution. Additionally, it also discusses how Marx’s ideas gave rise to Gramsci’s idea of hegemony, and to conflict theories more generally.

4.3 - 1 Video(s)

Max Weber & Modernity: Crash Course Sociology #9


This video takes a look at Max Weber and his understanding of the modern world. It explores rationalization and the transition from traditional to modern society. Furthermore, it also discusses bureaucracy, legitimacy, and social stratification in the modern state. Finally, it goes on to explain why Weber was so worried about the modern world.

4.1 - 1 Video(s)

How We Got Here: Crash Course Sociology #12


This video focuses on what the society actually is. It looks at Gerhard Lenski's classification of societies into five types, and the technological changes that turn one into another. Further, it also returns to Marx, Weber, and Durkheim to consider how they understood societal change. Finally, it also explores Durkheim's concept of social solidarity.

5.1-5.2 - 1 Video(s)

Social Development: Crash Course Sociology #13


This video discusses social development, starting with the role of nature and nurture in influencing a person’s development. It talks about social isolation and discusses socialization, the importance of care & human interaction, as well as the six major theories of socialization by Freud, Piaget, Kohlberg, Gilligan, Mead and Erikson.

5.3-5.5 - 1 Video(s)

Socialization: Crash Course Sociology #14


This video talks a little more about how socialization works, including an introduction to five main types of socialization. It explores primary socialization, and anticipatory socialization from your family, the “hidden curriculum” in schools, James Coleman's study of teenage social groups, the role of media in socialization, and discusses total institutions and how they can act as a form of re-socialization.

6 - Complete Chapter - 1 Video(s)

Social Interaction & Performance: Crash Course Sociology #15


This video discusses how sociologists study and understand social interaction. It explains the language sociologists use to discuss how we interact with the social world. What are statuses and roles? How are they different? How do you acquire them? It also talks about why these things matter by exploring the socially constructed nature of reality. Furthermore, it discusses the theory of dramaturgical analysis and how we can understand social interaction as in terms of theatrical performance.

8.1 - 1 Video(s)

Social Groups: Crash Course Sociology #16


In this video, the effects of being a part of a group on an individual, and vice-versa, are being discussed. It also talks about how people in society come together with a look at social groups. Furthermore, it looks at what social groups are, the different kinds of groups that exist, group dynamics, leadership, conformity, reference groups, networks and more. It also discusses the impact of group sizes.

8.2-8.3 - 1 Video(s)

Formal Organizations: Crash Course Sociology #17


This video talks about the historical process of rationalization and its impact on organizations in the form of bureaucracy and then discusses how organizations change in response to their organizational environment. It also goes over the negative consequences of rationalization in organizations - the irrationality of rationality.

9 - Complete Chapter - 1 Video(s)

Sex & Sexuality: Crash Course Sociology #31


"This video explores what sociology can tell us about sex and sexuality. It discusses the biological classification of sex, social construct of gender, and also talks about sexuality and sexual orientation. Lastly, it applies sociology’s major theories to the topic of sexuality: structural-functional theory, symbolic-interaction theory, social-conflict and feminist theory."

10.1 - 1 Video(s)

Deviance: Crash Course Sociology #18


This video explores biological and psychological approaches to explaining deviance, including what each perspective can bring to the table, and their inherent limitations. From there, it goes on to explain the sociological perspective and the social foundations of deviance.

10.2-10.4 - 1 Video(s)

Theory & Deviance: Crash Course Sociology #19


This video explains how structural functionalism sees deviance fulfilling a function in society and how deviance is constructed, according to symbolic interactionism. Furthermore, it also describes how the social-conflict theory applies to the topic of deviance.

10.5-10.6 - 1 Video(s)

Crime: Crash Course Sociology #20


This video's focus is on crime, specifically in the US. It starts with legal definitions of crime and uses FBI data to get an idea of the amount and kinds of crime committed in the US. It further uses that data to paint a demographic picture of who gets arrested, and explains why that’s not necessarily a full look of who commits crime. Finally, it discusses society’s response to crime in the criminal justice system, and how that response has resulted in mass incarceration.

11.1-11.3 - 1 Video(s)

Social Stratification: Crash Course Sociology #21


This video explains the chapter on social stratification, starting with four basic principles of a sociological understanding of stratification. It explains open and closed systems of stratification and explores examples of different kinds of stratification systems, including caste systems and class systems.

11.4-11.5 - 1 Video(s)

Why is there Social Stratification?: Crash Course Sociology #22


This video goes back to discussing the three sociological paradigms in light of social stratification. It discusses how structural functionalism, social conflict theory, and symbolic interactionism each interact with stratification. Further, it explores how ideology helps stratification reproduce itself? Moreover, it also discusses Marx's and Weber's views on this. And at the micro level, it talks about the effects of stratification in everyday life.

12.1-12.2 - 1 Video(s)

Social Stratification in the US: Crash Course Sociology #23


This video tells us about how Sociologists figure out what "Social Class" means so we can all have a clearer idea of what we're talking about. It discusses five ways that social stratification plays out in the US - income, wealth, power, occupational prestige, schooling. Further, it shares descriptive data about inequality in the US and also goes on to discuss the relative role of merit in determining socioeconomic status.

12.3 - 1 Video(s)

Social Class & Poverty in the US: Crash Course Sociology #24


In this video, there is a description of social class, and a breakdown of the five different social class in the United States: the upper class, the upper middle class, the average middle class, the working class, and the lower class. It also goes over what poverty looks like in the United States with the help of examples.

12.4 - 1 Video(s)

The Impacts of Social Class: Crash Course Sociology #25


This video explores how class differences affect people’s daily lives, and talks about class gaps in education attainment. It also discusses variations in everything from values and beliefs to health outcomes, and looks at how these things can perpetuate inequality across generations.

12.5 - 1 Video(s)

Social Mobility: Crash Course Sociology #26


In this video, intergenerational and intragenerational mobility and the difference between absolute and relative mobility are described. It goes over the long run upward social mobility trends in the United States, as well as recent declines in absolute social mobility. Also, it explores how opportunities for social mobility differ by class, race, and gender.

13.1-13.2 - 2 Video(s)

Global Stratification & Poverty: Crash Course Sociology #27


This video looks at First and Third World countries and the reasons why these terms are no longer used. It also introduces the four types of country categories we now use: high income, upper middle income, lower middle income, and low income countries. Additionally, it goes over some consequences of and explanations for global poverty.

Theories of Global Stratification: Crash Course Sociology #28


In this video, there is a discussion on the two theories of global stratification. First, it explores modernization theory and Walt Rostow’s Four Stages of Modernization. Next, it explains dependency theory, the legacy of colonialism, and Immanuel Wallerstein’s Capitalist World Economy Model.

14.1-14.3 - 1 Video(s)

Gender Stratification: Crash Course Sociology #32


This video looks at how society becomes stratified along gender lines. It discusses Raewyn Connell’s concept of hegemonic masculinities and emphasized femininities. Furthermore, it explores gender socialization in the home, media, and schools. Finally, goes on to explain how gender stratification results in different outcomes by gender in education, occupations, earnings, and criminal activity.

14.4 - 1 Video(s)

Theories of Gender: Crash Course Sociology #33


This video goes back to the three sociological paradigms and how each school of thought approaches gender theory. It looks at the structural functionalist view that gender is a way of organizing society into complementary roles, the symbolic interactionist take on how gender guides our daily life, and conflict theory’s ideas about how gender distributes power within society.

15.1,15.4,15.5 - 1 Video(s)

Race & Ethnicity: Crash Course Sociology #34


This video describes the difference between race and ethnicity. It looks at how definitions of races and ethnicities have changed over time and across places. Furthermore, it discusses the terms minority and minority-majority and how races are defined in the United States.

15.2-15.3 - 1 Video(s)

Racial/Ethnic Prejudice & Discrimination: Crash Course Sociology #35


In this video, the definitions and concepts of prejudice, stereotypes, and racism are discussed. It discusses the five theories for why prejudice exists, and also discusses discrimination and the legacies of institutional racism. Furthremore, it also provides an overview of four types of racial interaction: pluralism, assimilation, segregation, and genocide.

16 - Complete Chapter - 1 Video(s)

Age & Aging: Crash Course Sociology #36


People are getting older – not just in the individual sense, but the human population itself. This video explores those shifting patterns and their implications. It also discusses the biological, psychological, and cultural aspects of aging, including some of the particular challenges and difficulties that older individuals face, such as social isolation, retirement and poverty.

17 - Complete Chapter - 1 Video(s)

Economic Systems & the Labor Market: Crash Course Sociology #29


This video primarily talks about the power of society to shape our choices in jobs. It shows how economies can be broken down into the primary, secondary, and tertiary sectors, and looks at the three stages of economic revolution that brought us to the modern post-industrial era. It also goes on to explore two types of economic models: capitalism and socialism.

18.1-18.3 - 1 Video(s)

Politics: Crash Course Sociology #30


"In this video, the sociological approach to politics is being discussed. Further, it differentiates between the different types of authority (traditional, rational-legal, charismatic)and political systems (monarchy, democracy, authoritarianism, totalitarianism). Also, it applies the pluralist, power-elite, and Marxist models to the U.S. political system."

19.1-19.2 - 1 Video(s)

Theories About Family & Marriage: Crash Course Sociology #37


This video explores how sociology defines family and the different terms used to describe specific types of family. It looks at marriage in different societies, as well as marital residential patterns and patterns of descent. Lastly, it goes over the three sociological schools of thought on the societal role of marriage and family.

19.3-19.6 - 1 Video(s)

Stages of Family Life: Crash Course Sociology #38


This video sheds light on the different stages that families move through: courtship, marriage, child-rearing, and family life in the later years. It also discusses changing patterns of marriage and childbearing in the US, highlighting some of the varied family types that exist.

20 - Complete Chapter - 1 Video(s)

Religion: Crash Course Sociology #39


In this video, we turn our sociological eye to another major social institution: religion. It uses symbolic interactionism to help us understand the dichotomy of the Sacred vs. the Profane, and also compares the perspectives of structural functionalists and conflict theorists on whether religion improves social cohesiveness or increases social stratification. Furthermore, it explores how religious practice in the US differs across race and class lines.

21.1-21.3 - 1 Video(s)

Education In Society: Crash Course Sociology #40


This video explores the history of education as a social institution, with a specific focus on how the US organizes its educational system. It looks at education through the lenses of some sociological paradigms: structural functionalist approaches (including some of the manifest and latent functions associated with education), and a symbolic interactionist approach to education that shows us how self-fulfilling prophecies in educational settings contribute to differences in academic outcomes for students.

21.4-21.6 - 1 Video(s)

Schools & Social Inequality: Crash Course Sociology #41


In this video, the social inequalities in the US educational system are explained with the help of the conflict theory. It looks at variation in school funding and quality due to income, the role of cultural capital, and some of the ways in which the American school system disadvantages minority students.

22.1-22.3 - 1 Video(s)

Health & Medicine: Crash Course Sociology #42


This video explains how western approaches to medical knowledge have changed throughout history, and discusses how race, class, gender and age are linked to health and illnesses. It sheds slight on what it means to be sick and the sick role. Lastly, it explains the distinction between disease and illness

22.4-22.5 - 1 Video(s)

Population Health: Crash Course Sociology #43


This video continues to talk about health with a discussion of some of the indicators that help us measure health for different populations. It also explores three contributors to health disparities: individual factors like genetics, physical factors like pollution, and social factors like stress.

22.4 - 1 Video(s)

The Structure & Cost of US Health Care: Crash Course Sociology #44


This video talks about what the health care system in the US looks like, the five A’s of health care accessibility, and a couple of contributing factors to the affordability of health care: fee for service care and the structure of our health insurance system which encourage higher spending.